The Environmental Impact of Golf Balls: Waste and Carbon Emissions

  • author Sami Mubasher
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The Environmental Impact of Golf Balls: Waste and Carbon Emissions

Golf balls are a key element of the game of golf, but their importance is often viewed without the context of their environmental impact. The manufacturing process generates waste and contributes to carbon emissions, while lost or abandoned balls can harm wildlife and ecosystems. However, by choosing to purchase recycled golf balls, golfers can help reduce these negative effects and create a more sustainable future for the game.

Waste Created During Golf Ball Production

The production of golf balls generates waste in various ways. Rubber, plastic, and chemical coatings used in the manufacturing process can create excess materials, contributing to environmental pollution. According to a study by golf ball manufacturer, Callaway Golf, each golf ball produced results in roughly 10 grams of waste. In 2019, Callaway Golf produced over 16 million golf balls, resulting in an estimated 160,000 kilograms of waste. In 2018, Titleist produced over 200 million golf balls resulting in an estimated 2,000,000 kilograms of waste.

Carbon Emissions from Golf Ball Production

The production of golf balls also contributes to carbon emissions. Manufacturing processes require energy, which is often generated from non-renewable sources such as fossil fuels. According to the European Union Emission Trading System, each kilogram of synthetic rubber produced results in 4.05 kilograms of carbon dioxide emissions. In 2019, Callaway Golf's golf ball manufacturing process resulted in an estimated 18,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

Negative Environmental Impact of Golf Balls

The negative environmental impact of golf balls extends beyond their production. Lost or abandoned golf balls can harm wildlife and ecosystems. According to a study published in the Journal of Environmental Management, abandoned golf balls can take up to 1,000 years to decompose. During that time, the balls can release pollutants and chemicals into the environment, harming wildlife and natural habitats. In addition, the presence of golf balls in water hazards and natural areas can lead to soil erosion and damage to ecosystems.

The production of golf balls also requires the use of natural resources such as oil, which is a non-renewable resource. The manufacture of golf balls also requires large amounts of water for cooling, washing, and other processes. Water usage for golf ball production can contribute to water scarcity in areas where water resources are limited.

Furthermore, the transportation of golf balls from manufacturing facilities to retail stores and golf courses contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. This transportation includes not only the golf balls themselves, but also the packaging materials used to transport and store them.

Reducing Environmental Impact with Recycled Golf Balls

Recycled golf balls offer a more eco-friendly option for golfers. By reusing materials, the production of recycled golf balls results in less waste and lower carbon emissions than new balls. According to the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, recycled golf balls have the same performance as new balls and are available at a lower cost. Additionally, many companies that produce recycled golf balls prioritize sustainable manufacturing practices and materials, further reducing the environmental impact of their products.


Golf balls have a significant environmental impact through waste and carbon emissions, as well as potential harm to wildlife and ecosystems. However, golfers can make a difference by choosing to purchase recycled golf balls. By reducing waste and carbon emissions while still enjoying the game, golfers can create a more sustainable future for the game of golf.